| • If a person holds
a full GB licence do they need an International Licence to drive
You may use your GB licence for driving in all other European
Community/European Economic Area (EC/EEA) member states. Check with a motoring
organisation if you want to drive in a non-EC/EEA country. They will advise you
whether you need an International Driving Permit (IDP). IDPs are issued by the
AA, the RAC, RSAC and Green Flag Motoring Assistance Recovery Club.
An International Driving Permit (IDP) is valid for 12 months from the date of
issue. Recognized internationally, it normally allows you to drive a private
motor vehicle without further formality when accompanied by a valid UK driving
International Driving Permit notes:
IDP applications can only be made up to three months in advance. An IDP may be
post-dated up to three months in advance but, under no circumstances can it be
If you're going for more than three months, to live or to work, or for any
reasons other than tourism, you should make enquiries about your personal
position before relying on a permit. Remember, it is an offence to drive a
vehicle without a valid driving licence and, where required, a permit. It is
important to check the accuracy of the personal information printed on your
driving licence. If there are any errors or you have a change of name or
address, you should immediately notify the authority that issued your licence.
An IDP issued in the UK is not valid for use in the UK.
When hiring a car overseas remember that driving licence requirements worldwide
do vary. Although many hire companies need only to see your national driving
licence, some will require an IDP and others a locally issued temporary
Therefore, if you are making an advanced reservation in the UK, ask the company
concerned to confirm driving licence requirements of the country to be visited.
In the absence of such information consider an IDP as a precautionary measure,
especially if travelling outside Europe. Hire companies also have varying
minimum/maximum rental age limits and generally require you to have held your
national driving licence for a minimum of 12 months.
It is important to check the requirements of the particular country you are
visiting as they do vary.
For example both Uruguay and Bangladesh accept a GB licence but an IDP is
recommended. In Argentina and Poland, an IDP is compulsory. In Saudi Arabia, an
IDP is recommended but women need not bother to obtain one, as they are not
permitted to drive!
Further details available on the DVLA web site -
www.dvla.gov.uk - and from
the organisations that issue IDPs - AA, the RAC, RSAC and Green Flag.
• Do I need to register under
the Data Protection Act?
I have received a FINAL NOTICE to register from the Data Protection Agency
Services, whose address is Summerseat House, 39 Summerseat, Liverpool, L3 6HB.
They say I could be fined and they want me to complete a form and send a cheque
for £95 plus VAT.
No. driving instructors do not need to register under the data protection act
even if they keep pupils records on computer. This letter, which is the latest
in a long list of similar correspondence received by driving schools and other
businesses, is an attempt to obtain money under false pretences and should be
thrown in the bin or passed on to local trading standards officers who are
trying to bring the perpetrators to justice.
The Information Commissioner (the government appointee responsible for data
protection) warns: "Do not be misled." Speaking from his office in
Wilmslow, Cheshire, he said: "I advise data controllers to ignore any
approach made by these businesses, who appear to be charging up to £95 +
VAT for notification. Other than paying the annual statutory notification fee
of £35, on which no VAT is payable, there is no charge made by this office
to any data controller wishing to notify."
is available at www.dataprotection.gov.uk and at
• If a pupil has six penalty
points on their licence before they take a test and they pass do they
immediately revert to provisional licence status under the New Driver's
No - This question is the most asked question at Head Office this year so we
make no apologies for repeating the FAQ for the benefit of all readers.
The Road Traffic (New Drivers) Act came into affect for all those who passed
their driving test on or after 1st 1997.
If a driver reaches six or more penalty points within two years of passing
their driving test (i.e. during the probationary period) DVLA will
automatically revoke their driving licence when notified by a court or fixed
To regain a full licence the person must then
Penalty points counting towards the total of six include any incurred before
passing the test, as long as the offence took place not more than three years
before the latest penalty point offence.
- Obtain a provisional licence
- Drive as a learner, and
- Pass the theory and practical test again.
Points imposed after the probationary period will also count if the offence was
committed during that period. Passing the retest does not remove penalty points
from the licence, and if the total reaches 12, licence holders are liable to be
disqualified by a court.
the information above is taken from the DSA web site at
more information is contained in the Acts of Parliament and at the DVLA web
• If vehicles waiting to turn
right are blocking the only available lane as the left lane is an operational
bus lane, would it be in order to enter the (obviously empty) bus lane to pass
these stationary obstructions?
No, not if the bus lane is in operation.
The Highway Code rule 141 states Bus lanes. Bus lanes. These are shown by road
markings and signs that indicate which (if any) other vehicles are permitted to
use the bus lane. Unless otherwise indicated, you should not drive in a bus
lane during its period of operation. You may enter a bus lane to stop, to load
or unload where this is not prohibited.
• What are the conditions
attached to a category B provisional licence?
Any vehicle driven by a provisional licence holder must display clearly
L-plates or alternatively D-plates in Wales, at the front and rear. The
provisional licence holder must be accompanied by a driver qualified for that
category of vehicle, who is at least 21 years of age and who has held a full
licence in that category for at least three years. Category B learners are not
allowed to drive on a motorway unless they are learning to drive a car and
For further information see Statutory Instrument 2005 No. 2717, The Motor
Vehicles (Driving Licences) (Amendment) (No 2) Regulations 2005.
• Can someone with a disability
qualify as a driving instructor?
Yes. If their driving licence is marked with a medical restriction, the details
listed must be sent with their initial application.
Under the provisions of the Road Traffic Act 1988 as amended by The Road
Traffic (Driving Instruction by Disabled Persons) Act 1993, people with certain
physical disabilities, who are only licensed to drive an automatic vehicle, may
take the ADI examination. However, they must be able to demonstrate that they
could take control of the steering and brakes from the passenger seat in the
event of an emergency.
The assessment consists of seven exercises each of which is designed to test
the Potential Instructors ability to take control of the vehicle as and when
relevant in the interest of safety. The test will be carried out in an adapted
car. To apply for an Emergency Control assessment application form. The
candidate should contact: The Instructor Services & Registration Team at
the DSA. The completed application form should be sent to: The Training &
Development Centre at Cardington.
The requirements for the practical tests - Parts Two and Three of the
qualifying examination are exactly the same as for all other candidates, except
that in Part Three - The test of instructional ability - the adaptation listed
on the Emergency Control Certificate must be fitted.
The information above is taken from the Transport Office website at
More information is contained in the Acts of Parliament quoted the Road Traffic
Act 1988 as amended by The Road Traffic (Driving Instruction by Disabled
Persons) Act 1993.
• Can an ADI be removed from the
register just because a few people complain about their conduct?
Yes it has happened.
In a recent case the ADI Registrar had so many written complaints about a
particular ADI that he decided to remove on the basis that he was not a
"fit and proper person" to be on the ADI Register. Complaints were
received by the Registrar and after notification of these to the ADI and
representations from him the Registrar decided to remove his name from the
The ADI appealed against removal to the Transport Tribunal who heard his case.
Apparently there had been twelve complaints made about this particular ADI. A
number of the complainants gave evidence at the appeal hearing. The first
complainant called stated that when his son had become 17 he and his wife had
decided to pay for an intensive course of driving lessons for their son and
looked in Yellow Pages. They found an advertisement for a particular driving
school that this ADI was the proprietor of and contacted him. The ADI agreed to
provide a course of 25-30 hours of driving instruction over two to three weeks.
The cost was £389.50, all of which the complainant paid in advance.
Lessons started but the pupil had difficulty with the theory test. It was
agreed that he would have one lesson a week until his test was completed, when
it was, the complainant again contacted the Appellant and said that his son was
ready to take the intensive course.
The ADI agreed and stated that he would start this on the following Tuesday,
with everything being over by the summer holidays. The ADI was over 15 minutes
late for the first lesson and then rang to cancel the third because his car had
Thereafter there were frequent excuses such as trouble with the car or illness.
There were some eight to 10 lessons only, which got further and further apart.
This caused great difficulty for the pupil who had to take time off from his
studies and then found himself sitting waiting for an instructor who usually
failed to appear. Each time it took 3-4 weeks to contact the ADI again and
arrange for another lesson, which he then failed to give.
Eventually the complainant arranged for another driving school to take over and
after 14 lessons his son passed his driving test first time.
Further complainants gave evidence along similar lines regarding payment being
made in advance and the instructor failing to turn up.
Concluding the case, dismissing the appeal and upholding the Registrars
decision to remove the ADI on the basis that he was not a fit and proper person
to be an ADIthe chairman of the Transport Tribunal Hugh Carlisle QC stated,
"it may be that when taken individually these complaints are essentially
contractual in nature. However, when viewed as a whole we have no doubt that
they demonstrate a persistence of conduct which supports a finding that the
Appellant is not a fit and proper person within the meaning of the Act. He
states that the complaints do not "relate to his ability to instruct"
but we have to say that we disagree. His conduct overall reveals a lack of
professionalism and a level of personal incompetence and indifference to pupils
which is below the standard properly to be expected from a driving
See the Transport Tribunal website
• Who is the patron saint of
There does not appear to be one.
Calls to both the press office of the Church of England and the news and
publications office of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of England and Wales
both drew a blank.
A quick trawl of the internet revealed a number of website listing patron
saints. Particularly thorough is the Patron Saints Index of the Catholic
Community Forum which lists some 4,973 saints, although no, particular one for
Saint Christopher; Elijah the Prophet; Frances of Rome and Sebastian of
Aparicio all include automobile drivers; automobilists and motorists in their
lists of patronages.
Probably most prolific in this area is Saint Christopher who includes,
automobile drivers; automobillists; bus drivers; cab drivers; lorry drivers;
motorists; porters; taxi drivers; transportation; transportation workers;
travellers; truck drivers and truckers in his list of patronage.
Lest driving instructors should feel slighted by this lack of a patron saint we
can report that there is no listing for a patron saint of driving examiners.
Perhaps ADIs could adopt one of the patron saints listed for teachers and
educators: Saints Catherine of Alexandria; Francis de Sales; Gregory the Great;
John the Baptist de La Salle and Ursula. Incidentally there is a patron saint
for test takers, Saint Joseph of Cupertino to whom, according to his website
profile, did obtain from God the grace to be asked at his examination only the
questions he knew the answers to. Apparently he would often levitate and float
which led to his patronage of air crews; air travellers; aircraft pilots;
astronauts; aviators; flyers and paratroopers.
Web sites of The Catholic Forum
www.catholic-forum.com ; the Catholic Bishops' Conference
of England and Wales www.catholic-ew.org.uk and The Church of England
• Is it ok to conduct a driving
lesson with a space-saver tyre on the tuition vehicle?
No. to do so would be a breach of Regulation 27 (1) the Road Vehicles
(Construction and Use) Regulations 1986 (as amended).
Space-saver tyres are specifically for use in emergency situations only. They
are designed for short term use to "get you home" after a puncture or
simply to allow to progress to the nearest tyre repair centre. They are not
designed for any other purpose e.g. a driving lesson is a contravention of the
Construction and Use Regulation.
WARNING an MSA member has recently received a fixed penalty notice for
conducting a lesson with an unsuitable tyre. A £60 fine and three penalty
points was the result - you have been warned!
For more information see the relevant Act of Parliament and appropriate
• Is it legal for me to refuse
to take a pupil on test if I have previously agreed to take them and booked an
appointment in my diary?
Yes - all instructors have the right and some would say duty to withdraw the
use of their car for a test if they think it appropriate.
Like all dealings with pupils it is easier if the pupil has been given details
of the instructor's terms and conditions of business at the start of the
learning process. Both the DSA Code of Practice for ADIs and the MSA Terms of
Business for Those Undertaking Driver Training cover this point. The DSA Code
of Practice states in the event of the instructor's decision to withhold the
use of the school car for the driving test sufficient notice should be given to
the client to avoid loss of the DSA test fee.
Of course on occasions it may not be possible to give sufficient notice. The
MSA Terms of Business for Those Undertaking Driver Training enlarges on this
point under paragraph 9 - The Driving Test it states:
a) Your instructor will advise the appropriate time to make an application for
a driving test.
The advice will be based on the client's progress to date. It does NOT imply
that the necessary standard has been reached, or that it will for certain be
reached by the appointed test date, the school/instructor will not hesitate to
advise, where necessary, the postponement of the test. This condition is
intended to save the client expense, unnecessary failure, and the consequent
delay in waiting for another test and obtaining a full licence.
b) The school/instructor reserves the right to withhold the use of the training
vehicle for test or a lesson, if in the opinion of the instructor the client
Paragraph 9 also covers other aspects of the driving test booking.
- Not at driving test pass standard.
- Medically unfit (including eyesight).
- Under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
- Is not properly licensed to drive.
- Consistently fails to keep, or is late for appointments.
- Falls into arrears over payment.
- If, for any reason, the instructor considers the client will be unsafe to
handle a motor vehicle.
The ADI Industry Code of Practice agreed with the DSA is available
The MSA Terms of Business for Those Undertaking Driver Training is available
for MSA members here.
• I want to use my own car to
take my ADI Part 3 examination. However, the DSA state that the examiner has to
be insured to drive my car but they will not tell me who the examiner will be
on the day. My insurance company will not insure me unless I can name the
driver. Can I get insurance just to cover the Part 3 Test?
Yes you can.
MSA Insurance Services have negotiated with
www.instructorcover.co.uk that they will provide 1 day
cover for MSA probationary members who need temporary insurance whilst taking
their Part 3 examination.
Contact MSA Insurance at
www.instructorcover.co.uk by phone on 0800 011 2422 or text
INSURE to 872020.
• I keep progress records on all
my pupils they are made up of ticks in record boxes demonstrating progress to
date together with a few notes about routes taken and difficulties encountered
or successes enjoyed. One of my pupils has decided to transfer to another
instructor and wants a copy of the progress report and notes I have kept about
her. Do I have to give this information to her?
Yes you do.
Under that Data Protection Act 1998 (DPA) individuals have a right under the
DPA to have a copy of the information held about them on computer and in some
manual filing systems. This is known as the right of subject access.
If you do receive a subject access request, then you must deal with it promptly
and in any case within 40 days of the date of receiving it. You should send the
individual a copy of the personal information you hold on them, and certain
other details of your processing. You are entitled to charge a fee of up to
£10 for responding to a request.
More details can be obtained from the Information Commissioner's Office (ICO).
The ICO is the UK's independent public body set up to promote access to
official information and to protect personal information. They regulate and
enforce the Data Protection Act, the Freedom of Information Act, the Privacy
and Electronic Communications Regulations and the Environmental Information
The ICO provides guidance to organisations and individuals. They rule on
eligible complaints and can take action when the law is broken. Reporting
directly to Parliament, the Commissioner's powers include the ability to order
compliance, using enforcement and decision notices, and prosecution.
• Could the MSA or perhaps a
local association set a price for driving lessons so that all instructors
charge the same price?
No. to do so would be an offence under the Competition Act 1998 which governs
In its simplest terms, a cartel is an agreement between businesses not to
compete with each other. The agreement is usually verbal and often informal.
Typically, cartel members may agree on:
- prices - discounts - credit terms.
There are severe penalties for businesses that operate as part of a cartel -
members of cartels can be fined up to 10 per cent of the UK turnover for up to
three years. In terms of a one person driving school averaging 35 lessons a
week at around £18 per lesson it could amount to a figure around
Whistle blowers start here
Cartels are widely accepted to have the most damaging affect on consumers and
the wider economy, so the OFT has a special interest in ensuring that they are
uncovered and broken up. Members of cartels might wish to end their involvement
and inform the OFT of the existence of the cartel, but are deterred from doing
so by the risk of incurring large financial penalties.
To encourage members of cartels to provide evidence of the cartel in which they
are involved, the OFT leniency programme can give total or partial immunity
from fines to companies who come forward with such information. Full details on
the policy on when lenient treatment will be given is set out in Part II of the
"Director General of Fair Trading's guidance as to the appropriate amount
of a penalty".
Total immunity is available to the first member of the cartel to come forward
with relevant information Immunity is automatic if the information is provided
before the OFT has begun an investigation and the OFT does not already have
sufficient evidence to establish that the cartel exists.
For more information, visit the Office of Fair Trading website,
• My pupil has a letter from her
doctor stating that she does not need to wear a seatbelt. Is that OK for
lessons, and will it be all right on test if she tells the examiner about the
No, it is not OK on a lesson, on a driving test, or at any other time. If you
allow this pupil to drive with this lack of proper documentation, they may be
fined for failing to wear a seatbelt, and you may be fined for aiding and
IThere is overwhelming evidence to show that seatbelts prevent death and
serious injury in road traffic accidents. For this reason, the law makes it
compulsory for car occupants to wear seatbelts, where fitted.
The only exception allowed by legislation is if the car occupant has a valid
exemption certificate, which confirms it is inadvisable on medical grounds to
wear a seatbelt.
The certificates are issued by medical practitioners, who have to consider very
carefully the reasons for exemption, in view of the weight of evidence in
favour of seatbelts.
Regarding the wearing of seatbelts on test the following is an extract from the
DT1 the DSA Driving Examiner Guidance Notes section - WEARING OF SEATBELTS BY
DRIVING TEST CANDIDATES AND THIRD PARTIES. If the candidate does not wear their
belt, the examiner should remind them that, unless they are medically exempt,
the law requires the seat belt to be worn. If the candidate does not have an
exemption certificate and declines to wear the seatbelt, the test must be
terminated. The circumstances should be reported on the DL 25.
Candidates are allowed to remove their seatbelt whilst carrying out a manoeuvre
which includes reversing.
When a third party accompanies a candidate on test (i.e.
instructor/interpreter) and a rear seatbelt is available and that person does
not wear the belt, the examiner should ask the rear seat passenger to pout it
on. If the response is a negative one, it should be pointed that for health and
safety reasons and regulations they are required to wear a seat belt - if they
decline to do so, the test will be terminated. In these circumstances the third
party has the choice of wearing the seatbelt, not to accompany the candidate on
test, or having the test terminated.
In the event of a termination a note of the circumstances should be made on the
Additional clarification on rear seat belt use:
- Any rear seat passenger(s) accompanying an examiner during a driving test
MUST wear a seat belt.
- Any rear seat passenger(s) refusing to wear a seat belt, should not be
allowed to accompany the examiner on test - this includes a person who holds a
seat belt exemption certificate.
- When rear seat belts are not fitted to the vehicle - rear seat passengers
MUST NOT be allowed to accompany an examiner on test
- If a rear seat passenger refuses to wear a seat belt (whether or not they
hold an exemption certificate) and refuses to leave the vehicle, the test
should be terminated.
Further information is available from both the DfT & DVLA web sites.
Medical Practitioners can obtain supplies of the relevant certificates and
guidance leaflets from The Department of Health, PO Box 777, London SE1 6XH;
Tel: 08701 555455 (NHS Response Line); Fax: 01623 724524.
• I am teaching a client, a
learner driver, to carry out a left hand reverse when a driving school car
pulls up before the corner obviously positioned to carry out the reversing
exercise. I can see that person accompanying the learner driver is obviously a
driving examiner presumably conducting a test. What should I do?
Instruct the client to abandon the exercise, move off and find another corner.
Unless they are within a few moments of completing the exercise say already
straightened up in which case let them complete and then clear the area as
quickly as safety will permit.
There are a variety of reasons why it is sensible and best practice to clear
the area if a car on test is about. If it were your client, taking the test you
would not want them hanging about getting nervous whilst a learner practiced
Examiners have limited time to conduct a test let them get on with it. Be
polite to examiners and their candidates and hopefully they will be polite to
For further information talk to an experienced ADI who can advise you on the
age old art of politeness. Note to examiners: bear in mind that the instructor
keeping you waiting may be new to the area and therefore not know you, or
alternatively if you are new to his area etc.
In the good old days examiners used to identify themselves to instructors by
raising their clipboards - you could try that.
• I have noticed that a number
of local instructors are using stick on or magnetic L-plates on their cars both
back and front in addition to the L-plate on their roof signs is this actually
It is only necessary to display one L-plate (or D plate in Wales) to the front
and one to the rear providing they are proportioned and displayed in accordance
with the regulations.
Statutory Instrument 1996 No. 2824 The Motor Vehicles (Driving Licences)
Regulations 1996 - states the following under the Conditions attached to
provisional licences section 15. (1). Subject to the following paragraphs of
this regulation, the holder of a provisional licence shall comply with the
following conditions in relation to motor vehicles of a class, which he is
authorised to drive by virtue of the provisional licence. That is to say, he
shall not drive or ride such a motor vehicle unless a number of conditions are
met. One of those conditions is set out in section (b). it states that a
distinguishing mark in the form set out in Part 1 of Schedule 4 is displayed on
the vehicle in such a manner as to be clearly visible to other persons using
the road from within a reasonable distance from the front and the back of the
Schedule 4 to Regulation 15 gives details of the distinguishing marks to be
displayed on a motor vehicle being driven under a provisional Licence. Part 1
shows a diagram of the mark to be displayed on a motor vehicle in England,
Wales or Scotland. It also states that it should be a red letter on a white
background and that the corners of the ground can be rounded off. Part 2 of the
same schedule shows a diagram or an optional distinguishing mark to be
displayed on a motor vehicle in Wales if a mark in the form set out in Part 1
is not displayed. It also repeats that the D should be a red letter on a white
background and that the corners of the ground can be rounded off.
• Should I give pupils mock
tests? If the answer is yes, where can I obtain copies of the Driving Test
Marking Sheet to use on mock tests?
Yes, you should, of course give all pupils a mock driving test. The MSA would
suggest that no pupil should attend a driving test until they have scored no
serious or dangerous faults, and less than, say, six minor faults on a mock
A combination of nervousness and apprehension means that most pupils will
perform below their best on a test they therefore need to demonstrate that they
are above test standard before they sit the actual driving test.
Mock DSA driving test marking sheets, can be downloaded from this website
(hyperlink to DL25)
• Does it matter whereabouts on
my windscreen I display my Trainee ADI licence, or hopefully in the future my
Yes it does it must be displayed on the left hand edge (looking from inside the
car) of the windscreen with the photograph showing inside the car.
Statutory Instrument 1989 No. 2057 which are The Motor Cars (Driving
Instruction) Regulations 1989 state in part V Supplementary Section -
Exhibition of Certificate of Registration or Licence Paragraph 16 The
Certificate of Registration or Licence to give instruction shall be -
subsection (a) fixed to and immediately behind the front windscreen of the
motor car on its nearside edge and sub section (b) exhibited so that the
particulars on the back of the certificate are clearly visible in daylight from
outside the motor car and the particulars on the front of the certificate or
licence are clearly visible from the front nearside seat of the vehicle, where
• How many ADIs are there in
Britain who are employed as opposed to self employed and how much are
experienced driving instructors earning in the real world?
Firstly there are very few ADIs/PDIs in Great Britain employed in the business
of driver training, a few are employed in related positions a number of RSOs
are also ADIs and of course there may be as many as a third of ADIs who hold
the qualification but do not teach so they may also be employed in other
The vast majority of those ADIs teaching pupils to drive cars for the purposes
of licence acquisition are self employed some estimates suggest that figure is
in excess of 99 per cent. there are a small number of ADIs employed in
instructor training and a few in fleet training.
The question regarding instructor earnings is impossible to answer on a
definite factual basis. However, some idea of the costs likely to be incurred
as a self employed instructor can be worked out along with the potential income
and from these it is possible to extrapolate a range of possible pre-tax
profits. The principal cost for a driving school is the car. In order to make
the maths easy we will use as an example a fully inclusive contract hire
vehicle. A standard driving school car can be contract hired for a year
including insurance and VAT for about £85 per week (£4,400). The cost
of a roof sign, stationary, MSA membership, telephone charges, car washes and
the odd replacement tyre not covered on contract hire), seminars, conferences,
marketing and advertising etc might even out over a year to about £50 per
week (£2,600) a total of £7,000 per year. This cost stays the same
regardless of how many or how few lessons are carried out and regardless of how
much or how little is paid for them. The only other main cost is fuel and in
this example we are going to use a cost per lesson. How much fuel will be used
on each lesson is something of a variable dependant on such things as whether
the business operates in a rural or urban area. Estimates suggest that at
today's fuel prices between £2,.50 and £3.00 per hour is about right
in order to make sure that we will cover costs we will use a figure of
£3.00 per hour.
So let's look at a couple of scenarios:
Instructor A charges £23 per one hour lesson. Less fuel that leaves
£20 per lesson. She gives 40 hours of paid instruction per week totalling
(after deducting the fuel) £800. if we use as a multiplier 47 weeks
assuming the instructor will have some holidays some quiet weeks at Christmas
or other religious or secular festivals, days for having the vehicle serviced
etc. means her income (after fuel costs) will be £37,600. Less the fixed
costs of £7,000 per year leaves a pre-tax profit of £30,700.
Instructor B charges £20 per one hour lesson. Less fuel that leaves
£17 per lesson. He gives thirty five hours of paid instruction per week
totalling (after deducting the fuel) £595. if we again use as a multiplier
47 this means his income (after fuel costs) will be £27,965. less the
fixed costs of £7,000 per year leaves a pre tax profit of £20,965.
Instructor C charges £17 per one hour lesson. Less fuel that leaves
£14 per lesson. She gives 30 of paid instruction per week totalling (after
deducting the fuel) £420. if we again use as a multiplier 47 this means
her income (after fuel costs) will be £19,740. Less the fixed cost of
£7,000 per year leaves a pre-tax profit of £12,740.
The formula for this calculation is (P - F x HW) - FC. Where LP=price for a one
hour lesson, F=cost of fuel per one hour lesson, HW=paid hours worked per week
and FC=fixed costs.
A number of experienced ADIs were asked to consider the answer for this
question and some of their comments follow.
"Personally I think there would be very few instructors who would have the
sustainable figures presented in scenarios A and B."
"Peaks and troughs in demand therefore suggest that an average instructor
is likely to be on somewhere around the 20 - 25 lessons a week for 47 weeks of
the year. That is the figure I think would be closer to the truth."
"With just a very quick tot up of costs - I estimate around £9,000
compared with the stated £7,000. not including petrol/fuel. I agree with
fuel costs around £3 per lesson."
"I could go along with the estimates but I believe the multiplier used
should be lower at maybe 45 weeks or less. You have to account for the
fluctuation in the market and seasonal trends. Also some instructors choose
quality of life over number of hours worked."
"Some instructors go out cheap for many years in an attempt to establish
themselves. Many actually leave because of low earnings at this time,
accounting for the large turnover in the profession and of course the deflation
of prices. I wonder how many have actually put up their prices because of
recent fuel rises."
"I don't think these figures are far out although I suggest that
Instructor C charging £17 per hour would be more likely to be doing 45-50
hours a week to make a living. As an example my last years accounts showed
expenses of £5300 without fuel, and that is buying vehicle insurance,
servicing, advertising, telephone, car wash, licences, miscellaneous."
This really is one of those questions where there is no absolutely correct
answer. Hopefully the above goes some way towards answering the question and at
worst it is an excellent starting point for a debate on income, costs and
profits. If you have a view drop Newslink Postbag a line.
• I have received a parking
ticket for a vehicle I no longer own. What should I do?
Return the correspondence to the issuing authority informing them that you no
longer own the vehicle. Give them as much information as possible about how and
when you disposed of the vehicle or to whom you sold it to.
The authority issuing the parking ticket will have obtained your details from
the vehicle records held by the DVLA and if you no longer own the vehicle these
records need to be updated.
As well as returning the correspondence to the issuing authority you should
also write to DVLA, Swansea, SA99 1BL as soon as possible. You should quote the
Vehicle Registration Mark, make and model, exact date of sale and the name and
address of the person you sold or transferred the vehicle to. If you do not
have these details you should explain this in your letter and as soon as DVLA
has this information they will update their records accordingly and send out
confirmation to you.
SPECIAL NOTE: It is your responsibility to notify DVLA if you have disposed of
your vehicle in return for a total loss payment from your insurers. REMEMBER if
you is written off you need to write off and inform Swansea. You can do this by
completing the relevant section of the vehicle registration document and
returning it to DVLA.
Further information is available on the DVLA's website. Go to